special character

Custom charset encoding in filenames when using FTP

FTP is often used to transfer files from one server to another or to create a backup of a website. In most cases, copying all the required files works just fine. Problems might occur though, if some of the filenames use an unexpected charset encoding. When downloading and re-uploading such a file, the filename will be broken and the website won’t be able to serve it anymore. How can you ensure, to always download files with their correct charset encoding?

Missing special german characters on an english keyboard

Usually I am coding with English (US) keyboard layout, because the special characters are arranged in a better way as with german layout. But if I want to write messages in german, I am missing the special german chars (ä,ö,ü,ß). I don't want to switch languages everytime, because I am used to have the "y" key in the first row. I want to have an easy way to use special german chars like the key longpress on an Android device.
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